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Theme 3: Immunisation delivery systems and public interactions with vaccines

This theme will examine how immunisation systems work, and evaluate public responses to vaccination programmes. It aims to understand why targeted populations do not always seek vaccination and implementers do not always create opportunities for vaccinating them. Evidence gathered will support PHE to improve uptake, reduce inequalities and increase programme efficiency. 



  • Evaluate vaccine delivery models to increase uptake 

  • Understand modern social trends on vaccine uptake and vaccine confidence. We aim to complement attitudinal tracking by PHE, provide in-depth insight into under-vaccinate 

  • Provide evidence to strengthen immunisation systems 

  • Exploit new technologies to increase uptake and efficiency 


To sustain trust in vaccines we will: 

  • Help the NHS modernise the childhood vaccine schedule in a way that is acceptable to parents 

  • Explore and respond to public concerns about vaccines through population surveys and automated analyses of online social media 

  • Provide an in depth understanding of attitudes towards and barriers to vaccination of communities with lower uptake 

  • Support evidence-based communication about vaccines 

Lead researchers

Heidi Larson

Professor of Anthropology, Risk and Decision Science

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Profile picture of Sandra Mounier-Jack

Sandra Mounier-Jack

Associate Professor in Health Policy

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Joanne Yarwood

National Immunisation Programme Manager

Public Health England